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Chapter 25. Spring DI

Jersey provides an extension to support Spring DI. This enables Jersey to use Spring beans as JAX-RS components (e.g. resources and providers) and also allows Spring to inject into Jersey managed components.

The Spring extension module configuration is based on annotations. Spring beans are injected and JAX-RS classes are made Spring managed using annotations. Injected Spring beans can have further dependencies injected using Spring XML configuration. Spring singleton and request scopes are supported.

To enable JAX-RS resources to work Spring functionality that requires proxying, such as Spring transaction management (with @Transactional), Spring Security and aspect oriented programming (such as @Aspect), the resources must themselves be managed by Spring, by annotating with @Component, @Service, @Controller or @Repository:

import javax.ws.rs.GET;
import javax.ws.rs.Path;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

@Component
@Path("/")
public class SomeResource {

    @Transactional
    @GET
    public void updateResource() {
        // ...
    }
}
        

Limitations:

  • Spring beans can't be injected directly into JAX-RS classes by using Spring XML configuration

25.1. Dependencies

If you want to use Jersey Spring DI support you will need to add the jersey-spring4 module into the list of your dependencies:

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.glassfish.jersey.ext</groupId>
    <artifactId>jersey-spring4</artifactId>
    <version>3.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
</dependency>

The above module adds transitive dependencies on Spring modules. See jersey-spring4 module dependencies for more details about list and scope of dependencies. Please note the module depends on The Spring/HK2 Bridge that is used to inject Spring services into HK2 services or inject HK2 services into Spring services.

25.2. Registration and Configuration

To use capabilities of Jersey Spring 3 DI support in your JAX-RS/Jersey application you need to have the above mentioned module on your class-path.

25.3. Example

To see an example of Spring DI support in Jersey refer to the Spring DI Example.